The Omsk Oblast is situated in the south of Western Siberia in the center of the large continent. Its territory stretches from north to south for 600 kilometers and from west to east for 300 kilometers and occupies the area of 141,100 square kilometers (0,8% of the whole territory of the Russian Federation).
Cultivated land covers 48% of the territory, forests cover 33%, ploughed fields – 30%, other land – 18%, lakes and rivers – 1%. The Irtysh territory is situated in the 5th time zone. Time lag between Omsk and Moscow is 3 hours. The Omsk Oblast is bounded by the Tyumen Oblast in the west and north, by the Tomsk and Novosibirsk Oblasts in the east and by Kazakhstan in the south. The distance from Omsk to Moscow is 2555 km.
The region has a well-developed system of transport communications. The Omsk Oblast is crossed by the Trans-Siberian Railway connecting western and eastern regions of the country and by other main roads connecting northern parts of Russia with Kazakhstan and Central Asia.
Omsk Airport has an international status and receives passenger and transport aircraft.
2,058,000 people live on the territory of the Omsk Oblast. 1,216,000 live in the city. The average density of population is 14,6 people per 1sq. km. 63,2% of the population is of working age, 18% hasn’t reached the working age and 18,8% of people are pensioners.
The Omsk Oblast has sufficient reserves of oil and gas, peat, ore sand of zirconium and titanium, building materials (brick earth and keramsite sand), mineral waters, sapropel, etc.
The main natural resources of the region are soil resources contributing to development of large-scale grain farming and livestock breeding. The region belongs to subtaiga, forest-steppe and steppe temperate climatic zones. Among deciduous species birches and asps prevail, among coniferous species – common pines, silver firs, fir-trees and cedar.
The climate in the Omsk Oblast is continental. Average January temperatures range about - 17,9C while average July temperatures are about + 17,6C. The southern part of the region is similar to the Ukraine and Northern
Caucasus as regards to the amount of sunny days per annum.
Administrative-territorial division of the Omsk Oblast (as of January 1, 2004)
1. Azovsky German national district
2. Bolsherechensky district
3. Bolsheukovsky district
4. Gorkovsky district
5. Znamensky district
6. Isil-kulsky district
7. Kalachinsky district
8. Kolosovsky district
9. Kormilovsky district
10. Krutinsky district
11. Lyubinsky district
12. Maryanovsky district
13. Moskalensky district
14. Muromtsevsky district
15. Nazivaevsky district
16. Nizhneomsky district
17. Novovarshavsky district
18. Odessky district
19. Okoneshnikovsky district
20. Omsk district
21. Pavlogradsky district
22. Poltavsky district
23. Russko-Polyansky district
24. Sargatsky district
25. Sedelnikovsky district
26. Tavrichesky district
27. Tarsky district
28. Tevrizsky district
29. Tyukalinsky district
30. Ust-Ishimsky district
31. Cherlaksky district
32. Sherbakulsky district
Foreign economic activity
Foreign economic activity plays an important role in social and economic development of the Omsk Oblast. Currently the region experiences modernization of operating enterprises, opening of new enterprises and an increase in taxable basis. As a result, nowadays there is an opportunity to finance important social projects in the Omsk Oblast.
In order to materialize the existing potential of Omsk enterprises, executive authorities promote development of direct contacts between economic entities of the region and foreign partners. To promote goods into foreign markets, trade and economic missions, presentations and exhibitions are used.
For the last few years the volume of foreign trade turnover has increased significantly as the authorities created favorable conditions for cooperation with foreign investors. Alongside investment projects that are being carried out at present, the region has acquired quite new partners. Thus, in 2004 the Omsk Oblast Government, the Omsk Oblast Administration and the Swedish company IKEA concluded a protocol of intentions for carrying out the project of building a multifunctional trade and entertainment center. The investment of the Swedish party will exceed US$100mln.
In 2005 the development of foreign trade cooperation is one of the key priorities for the Omsk Oblast Government.
- increase in volumes of foreign trade turnover;
- improvement of export structure (development of export of engineering products, development of agrarian and woodworking sectors);
- expansion and improvement of geography of foreign trade cooperation (entering new markets, development of new contacts, first of all, with countries of Eastern Europe, South-Eastern Asia and CIS countries);
- development of all-round cooperation with Kazakhstan as the neighboring country);
- increase in the volume of foreign investment (improvement of the image of the Omsk Oblast, fulfillment of investment projects in order to increase the volume of output, attraction of new partners).
There are 2102 educational institutions on the territory of the Omsk Oblast, namely: 620 infant schools, 1338 day schools of general education, 22 evening schools of general education. The system of vocational education includes 59 primary schools of vocational education with 23,000 pupils, 43 state vocational secondary schools with 45,000 students, 20 higher institutions with 91,000 students.
Higher educational institutions employ over 2,000 Candidates of Science and nearly 400 Doctors of Science.
The Omsk Oblast has the unified state public health service. Medical aid to the population is provided by 155 hospitals and 423 outpatient polyclinics. There are 11,200 doctors and 25,300 low-grade medical workers in Omsk. The region has 32 specialized medical centers equipped with high technologies.
There are 9 professional theaters, 43 museums, 1208 entertainment centers and 881 public libraries in the Omsk Oblast.
Sport facilities include 38 stadiums with stands for 1,500 spectators, 1100 gym-halls and 55 swimming pools.
The Omsk Oblast Government continues to carry out special programs aimed at solving social issues: gradual improvement of demographic and epidemiological situation, support of low-income families, children and maternity.
Development of housing construction
One of the main indicators of living standard of population is its living conditions, its quality and comfort. That’s why one of the most significant aspects of the state housing policy of the Omsk Oblast Government is the development of the housing market through the improvement of mortgage credit activity. To improve the system of investment into housing construction the Omsk Oblast Administration established a regional state Agency of Housing Construction and the Omsk Regional Mortgage Corporation (OJSC). A master scheme of mortgage has been approved. A citizen has to pay 30% of the flat value and the remaining sum is repaid against mortgage credit that was earlier granted for 10 years depending on family income at 10% interest rate per annum.
In 2004, the time for the repayment of credit was increased up to 15 years, which made mortgage credits more accessible to the population at large and especially with low incomes.
In 2003, the Governor of the Omsk Oblast issued a decree №116 “Of measures to develop the sector of housing construction in the Omsk Oblast for 2003-2010” that adopts the concept of the development of housing construction in the Omsk Oblast. In 2004, the decree №29 issued by the Omsk Oblast Government “Of the strategy of the development of the building complex in the Omsk Oblast up to 2010” and the Governor’s decree №82 “Of measures to develop individual construction in the Omsk Oblast for 2004-2010” were approved.
In 2004-2005, about 500 mln roubles from the regional budget will be allocated for the housing construction. Construction of the whole residential areas with engineering and social infrastructure will be continued.
The active housing policy implemented by the Omsk Oblast Government has led to an increase in the scale of the housing construction up to 318,200 sq. meters of housing per annum on the territory of the Omsk Oblast (the growth amounted to 38%, which is one of the best results in Russia). Over 520,400 sq. meters of housing were provided to the population.
In 2005, more than 750,000 sq. meters of housing will be built, in 2007 this figure will be increased up to 1mln sq. meters per annum.
Currently there are favorable conditions and a legal base for the development of long-term mortgage credit with the help of regional budget, investors from other parts of Russia and banks that recently began to participate in mortgage credit system.
The share of investments from other parts of Russia is increasing steadily. The housing market of the Omsk Oblast has acquired new investors: Stroiinvestregion LLC and Sibstroi (Moscow). Mutually beneficial cooperation allows implementing the project of building whole city areas virtually from scratch.
Scientific and creative potential
The Omsk Oblast has significant scientific potential. In May 2004, a Scientific Coordination Council was set up in the region. The scientific potential contributes to the solution of problems of social and economic development of the Omsk Oblast including implementing industrial policy in the region.
The main lines of the state innovation policy in the Omsk Oblast are determined by the Law of the Omsk Oblast № 527-03 of July 13, 2004 “On innovation activity on the territory of the Omsk Oblast”. To develop the educational system and science in the Omsk Oblast the Government approved of the Concept of development of educational system and science in the Omsk Oblast for the period of 2004-2010 (№81 of November 24, 2004).
The development of financial and credit markets is one of the major suppliers of investment sources into the sector of the “real economy”, which in turn solves various social and economic problems.
In 2004, the banking sector in the Omsk Oblast had the following structure: 8 regional commercial banks and 47 operating subsidiaries of credit establishments including 22 subsidiaries of the Savings Bank of the Russian Federation. Five representative offices were opened by credit establishments from other cities on the territory of the Omsk Oblast.
In 2004, the volume of borrowed deposits increased by 27% in comparison with 2003. 97% of the total volume of banking deposits were invested, 78% were used for provision of credits. The share of credits granted for over 1 year is increasing. The volume of credit resources given to private people has increased by nearly 70%.
The structure of credits granted to various sectors of the economy by October 1, 2004, has the following pattern: 30% of the total volume of credit resources were given to industrial enterprises, mostly for financing chemical industry, electric power industry and machine building. A significant part of resources were allocated for crediting of trade and public catering branch (40%). The share of credits given to construction and agricultural sectors has increased. About 3% of the total volume of granted credits were given to sectors of transport and communications.
The structure of the economy of the Omsk Oblast
Industrial complex is one of the most dynamic sectors of the local economy. It accounts for about 30% of the regional capital assets and employs 20% of the working population. Manufacturing industry is the leading industrial sector in the region. Oil and gas industry is being developed.
In 1998, the Tevriz gas condensate field was put in exploitation for production of natural gas. Since 2001, the south-western part of the Krapivinsk field has been developed for oil production. The development of the Prirakhtovsky oil field is in its initial stage. The major factors in the boost of industrial production were stable conditions on domestic and foreign markets and implementing of technical modernization of enterprises.
Major industrial enterprises determining the economic specialization of the Omsk Oblast are concentrated in the administrative center – the City of Omsk.
The development of partnership with bordering countries
The Omsk Oblast Government pays close attention to the issues of the development of partnership with bordering countries. Kazakhstan is a strategically important partner of the Omsk Oblast due to the bordering situation of the region and established stable economic relations between Omsk and Kazakhstan enterprises. In April 2003, the Forum of Russian and Kazakhstan bordering regions took place. The President of the Russian Federation and the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan participated in it. During the Forum it was pointed out that the partnership of bordering countries is becoming a major aim of the federal center in the process of integration within the framework of the formation of the common economic space. Within the framework of the program of partnership with bordering countries valid until 2007 the Omsk Oblast Government concluded agreements on economic, scientific and technical and cultural cooperation with Northern Kazakhstan, Pavlodar, Kostanai, Almaty, Akmola and Eastern Kazakhstan regions.
In 2004, declared the Year of Russia in Kazakhstan, the development of all-round cooperation with Kazakhstan became a major line of foreign economic activity in the region. In the same year the grant “Eurasia” aimed at the development of Russian and Kazakhstan partnership was established in collaboration with the Omsk Chamber of Commerce and Industry. The Omsk Chamber of Commerce and Industry concluded agreements on partnership with Akmola, Almaty, Pavlodar, Kostanai, Karaganda and Northern Kazakhstan Chambers of Commerce and Industry. The Russian and Kazakhstan Trading House in Omsk that represents interests of several Russian enterprises works successfully. The opening of the Kazakhstan Consulate in Omsk will foster the interstate relations, the expansion of geography of partnership and the development of contacts between Russian and Kazakhstan enterprises. The Consulate will assist to arrange visits of official delegations, to deliver information about the legislation and Kazakhstan organizations interested in partnership with Russian enterprises. Exept the Omsk Oblast the Consulate area includes Kemerovo, Kurgan, Novosibirsk, Orenburg, Tomsk, Tyumen regions as well as the Republic of Altai and the Altai Territory.
The settlement of the Middle Irtysh territory that is now occupied by the Omsk Oblast began more than 14 thousand years ago. In the 4th thousand BC this territory was inhabited mostly by hunters and fishermen. In the 3-2 thousand BC cattle-breeding and bronze foundry developed intensively. Many archaeological monuments dating from this period have survived. Among them are the most treasured monuments in Siberia: burial ground near the village of Rostovka, settlement Bolshoi Log on the outskirts of Omsk. In the Middle Ages the southern parts of Western Siberia belonged to nomadic peoples. Hundreds of archaeological and historic monuments prove a large density of population in the region. Mongols, Kalmyks, Magyars, Khanty, Mansi, Uzbeks and Tajiks lived on the Irtysh territory in Omsk. It was the time when the nation of Siberian Tatars was formed. In the last quarter of the 16th century under tsars Fyodor and Boris Godunov the Moscow Government founded towns in Siberia to defend the territory and population from raids of nomads and to govern local population. Intensive settlement of migrants on the territory of the Middle Irtysh began at the end of the 16th century - at the beginning of the 17th century. In 1716, lieutenant colonel Ivan Dmitrievich Buchholtz founded the Omsk fortress at the junction of the Om and the Irtysh rivers, which marked the beginning of the development of one of the oldest cities in Siberia - Omsk.
The Omsk Oblast was formed in 1822 (the official opening took place in 1823). In the second quarter of the 17th century the Omsk fortress became the largest construction in the east of the country. The building of the Trans-Siberian railway gave a powerful incentive to the development of the region. Omsk became a large transport center due to its favourable geographical location at the intersection of the Irtysh river and the railway of continental significance. Exactly at that time the region witnessed the opening of consulates of many European countries and the USA, as well as subsidiaries of the largest Russian banks such as the State bank, the Siberian merchant bank, the Russian bank for foreign trade, Russian-Asian bank and many others. On August 25, 1894, the first train pulled in on the left bank of the Irtysh river. In March, 1898, a bridge across the Irtysh was built, and trains began to run from Chelyabinsk to Novonikolaevsk (Novosibirsk). In the 19th century Omsk became a political and administrative center of Western Siberia and turned into a governor’s city. Due to the fast development of the railway service export of Siberian butter began to flourish in the Omsk Oblast. The city gradually acquired the status of the trade and administrative center of Siberia. The station villages Kulomzino, Marianovka, Kochubaevo, Kalachinsk, Nazivaevsk witnessed the opening of railway workshops and metal-working carriage repair stations. The Randrup plough-building factory, the Voitkovsky foundry and mechanical plant, the Kulekov mechanical plant, the Zhukov fanning plant, steam mills, tobacco and cloth factories, breweries and soap factories were established. The need for timber was enormous as the construction of the railway continued, which determined the development of the timber industry, especially the lumbering and the woodworking industries.
By the beginning of World War 1 Omsk was a prosperous fast developing city with its unique image. In 1913, the Omsk Oblast counted 183 industrial enterprises employing 2440 people. The majority of the enterprises belonged to foreign investors. The economy of the Omsk Oblast developed also thanks to the mediation in trade between vast areas of the Irtysh territory, central districts of Russia and foreign countries.
In 1911, Omsk witnessed the first agricultural trade and industrial exhibition "Siberian Leipzig" in Siberia, conventions of butter experts and agricultural stock exchange committees.
The borders of the Omsk Oblast underwent numerous changes. In 1925, the Omsk guberniya formed a part of West-Siberian district. On December 7, 1934, the All-Russian Central Executive Committee decreed to form the Omsk Oblast out of the districts that hadn't formed a part of West-Siberian, Ob-Irtysh and Chelyabinsk regions. Omsk became the center of one of the largest regions in the USSR, occupying the area of 1,5 mln. square kilometers. In 1949, the northern areas were handed over to the Tyumen Oblast.
The evacuation of industrial enterprises to Omsk during World War 2 changed the structure of production in the region. The establishment of machine-building enterprises was one of the key priorities both in Omsk and in Russia.
Oilfield development in Western Siberia in 1955 gave a powerful incentive to building of the Omsk oil-processing plant and the largest petrochemical complex in the country. Chemical and electric-power industries became leading industrial sectors of the local economy.
Today the Omsk Oblast situated in the south of Western Siberia is a developed agro-industrial region with high-technology production.
Food industry in the Omsk Oblast processes locally produced agricultural raw materials: meat (production of meat, sausages, tinned meat, semi-finished meat, edible rendered fat etc.), milk (production of dairy products, animal oil, ice-cream, fat cheese), grain (flour-and-cereals industry, macaroni products, baked goods). Mineral water, beer, liquor and soft drinks are also produced.
The Omsk Oblast is a highly-developed agricultural region with one of the largest agro-industrial complexes in the east of the country. The leading agricultural branches include plant-growing (main products are wheat, rye, barley, oats), dairy farming and meat processing, poultry breeding, pig breeding. The region is placed among the 10 top producers of grain, milk and meat in the Russian Federation. The output of agricultural products per capita in the Omsk Oblast is higher than in any other region of the Siberian Federal District or the Russian Federation.
Light industry in the Omsk Oblast includes: clothing, textile, leather goods, fur and foot-wear branches. Such industrial enterprises produce special-purpose clothing and shoes, knitted goods and gloves, leather shoes (for school, men and women), winter and light coats, suits and other goods.
Due to high quality of goods for the last few years Omsk enterprises won tenders and effected state ordered delivery of clothes.
In order to create favourable conditions for stabilization and development of the light industry the plan of the development of the light industry till 2010 was approved.
Resource potential of the Omsk Oblast
The nature in the Omsk Oblast is unique as along the whole length of 600 kilometers from north to south you can see various kinds of native zones: taiga, small-leaved forests, northern and southern forest-steppe and steppe.
The Omsk Oblast belongs to the group of the regions in Russia that are not considered to be the leading mineral and resource regions. However, the Irtysh territory has 17 kinds of minerals including heat energy raw materials, some kinds of solid minerals, mineral salts, peloid and widespread mineral resources.
Mineral and resource potential of hydrocarbon material is represented by 4 oil and gas fields.
The Omsk Oblast has the Lyubinsky field, which is the second largest deposit of bentonitic clay, zirconium-ilmenite lodes and reserves of titanium and zirconium that are widely used in space aviation and high-precision devices.
Forests cover 6 mln hectares or 42% of the total territory of the region. Predominant species of wood are birch (65%), asp (12%), pine (13%), fur-tree and silver-tree (4,4%, cedar (4,8%).
The Omsk Oblast is rich in deposits of mason's sand, brick earth and haydite, peat and various organomineral springs, valuable mainly thanks to sapropel.
From the point of view of raw material export renewable natural resources show the greatest potential. Interesting also in this respect are the agro-industrial and timber complexes including all branches of plant growing and cattle breeding.
In 2003, the volume of fixed capital investments of economic entities of the Omsk Oblast exceeded that in 2002 by 26%.
The structure of investments is determined by the economic structure in the Omsk Oblast, so the main part of capital is invested in the production sphere.
Service industries began to attract more investments. These include such branches of the economy as transport (150%), communications (210%), trade and public catering (135%), housing and communal facilities (175%), public health service, sports, social security (172%), education (127%), science and science service (187%).
The most dynamic industrial sectors are electric power industry (130%), oil extraction industry (120%) and food industry (111%).
According to preliminary results of the social and economic development of the Omsk Oblast there was a growth of investment activity in 2004. The volume of fixed capital investment in comparable prices increased by 5% as compared with 2003. The positive investment dynamics was due to favourable investment and business climate, growth of business initiative and realization of the package of investment projects.
For the last few years the service industries have been developing dynamically. 54% of the total amount of investments was put into this branch. The largest investment rate was registered in housing and communal facilities (as a result of the restructuring process in life-support system) and communications (as a result of modernization of the branch and introduction of modern technologies).
The share of branches manufacturing goods is 46%. Agriculture, machine building and metal-working industries, chemical and petrochemical industries, construction material producing industry and food industry experienced capital expenditure expansion. Short-term investments prevail in the structure of investments (about 66%). At the same time the high ratio of long-term investments indicates investment attractiveness of the regional economy, its potentialities and investors' confidence in the regional restructuring processes.
In 2004, among funding sources of fixed capital investments of large and medium-sized enterprises there was an increase in capital investments of enterprises in the total volume of investments. The funding sources of enterprises are gained from profit produced by all kinds of activities and amortization allocations. The share of budgetary funds and bank credits increased in the structure of borrowed finances.
The high investment rate contributed to the increase in the production volume in the key branches of the Omsk Oblast.
The Omsk Oblast Government is interested in attracting home and foreign investments in the local economy.
To improve the investment attractiveness of the region the Omsk Oblast Government is carrying out intensive work on establishment and improvement of the legal base. On January 1, 2005, the law of the Omsk Oblast of December 20, 2004, № 594-03 on promotion of investment activity on the territory of the Omsk Oblast will come into force. The law determines the legal foundation of state backing of the investment activity on the territory of the Omsk Oblast, as well as forms and procedures of the state backing given by Omsk Oblast governmental authorities.
The law determines the principles of state backing of the investment activity, regulates the way of protection of rights and legitimate interests of investors on the territory of the Omsk Oblast and the guarantee system of the investment activity in the Omsk Oblast.
Development of the investment activity on the territory of the Omsk Oblast is provided and maintained by:
The law of the Omsk Oblast of December 27, 2002, № 416-03 on setting tax breaks on profits of enterprises;
The law of the Omsk Oblast of November 21, 2003, № 478-03 on enterprise assets tax;
The law of the Omsk Oblast of June 1, 2004, № 287-03 on regional target programmes;
The law of the Omsk Oblast of December 25, 2002, № 298 on fulfillment of the Concept of the state policy of development of small business in the Omsk Oblast.
Partial compensation for interest on credit given by commercial banks, especially in the initial stages of the project fulfillment, enjoyed popularity in utilization of warranty reserve for the investment support in the sphere of small enterprise. The mechanism of partial compensation that proved to be urgent and effectual allowed more people to receive financial backing and made commercial credits more accessible to small enterprises.
To accommodate economic growth in 2005 the authorities worked out various forms of state financial backing of industry, agriculture, transport, communications and housing and communal facilities. Main conditions of receiving state financial backing are conformity of investment project to priorities of the social and economic development of the Omsk Oblast, multiple return of investments provided from budgetary funds, provision of population employment, increase in payment for labour, financing of social projects etc.
The law of the Omsk Oblast provides state financial backing of investment projects on competitive basis.
Forms of state backing of investment projects
on the territory of the Omsk Oblast
State backing of investment projects is provided to holders of investment projects after signing of investment contract subject to of separate investment project accounting. The forms of the state backing are:
1. Granting of budgetary credit allocated from the regional budget including investment tax credit.
2. Granting of tax allowance in accordance with the tax and receipt law.
3. Provision of lease of real estate and other property that is governed by the Omsk Oblast as well as rent payment allowances in accordance with the regional legislation.
4. Provision of state guarantees of the Omsk Oblast.
5. Effecting of securities trading.
6. Granting of tax allowances in accordance with the tax and receipt law.
7. Partial compensation for interest on credits given to small enterprises by commercial banks.
Effectiveness of state backing
From 1998 to 2004 the Ministry of Economics of the Omsk Oblast approved of 105 investment projects and concluded 22 agreements on investment activities. The holders of investment projects that concluded agreements on investment activities with the Omsk Oblast Government invested about 1,1 bln roubles in implementation of the projects.
For 5 years the consolidated budget of the Omsk Oblast got 1,4 bln roubles from the implementation of the projects. Moreover, the region witnessed mastering of new production lines, introduction of progressive technologies and raising of competitive capacity of locally produced goods. There was a growth of goods resources in the region due to the output of products with high consumer properties. The share of these enterprises in the total volume of industrial production increased by 7,8% in 1998 up to 12,6% in 2003. Within the framework of implementation of investment projects over 2,4 extra job vacancies were created.
Priority lines of investment activities
Basic investment lines are fuel industry, electric power industry, flavouring industry, agriculture, building industry, transport, communications, housing and communal facilities.
Priority lines of regulation of medium-term investment activities in accordance with the programme of social and economic development of the Omsk Oblast till 2010 are:
- development of the branches providing the main flow of financial resources;
- development of the regional infrastructure;
- improvement of investment attractiveness of the local economy;
- attraction of strategic investors and highly proficient administrative personnel;
- boosting the effectiveness of innovation policy aimed at development of high-technology production and processing of raw materials and expansion of service industries.
Measures of the Omsk Oblast Government to create favourable economic climate
To develop the branches of the economy and service industries the authorities of the Omsk Oblast took the following measures:
- -regional target project of the development of the industrial production in the Omsk Oblast till 2003-2005;
- the SibVPKneftegasTEK regional target programme;
- the law of the Omsk Oblast of October 27, 1997, № 122-03 on natural health resources, spa districts and health resorts of the Omsk Oblast;
- the decree of the Omsk Oblast Government of December 31, 2004, № 105 on the procedure and terms of provision of free social service and paid social services in state social services of the Omsk Oblast;
- the decree of the Omsk Oblast Governor of September 25, 2003, № 171 on the setting up of the regional committee of the food industry and the development of fashion business in the Omsk Oblast;
- the decree of the Omsk Oblast Governor of November 3, 2003, № 205 on the plan of measures to realize the Concept of the development of the trade and public catering in the Omsk Oblast for the period of 2003-2005;
- the decree of the Omsk Oblast Governor on the provision of housing and communal subsidies on the territory of the Omsk Oblast;
- the regulation of the Omsk Oblast Governor of August 27, 2003, № 445 on the action programme of the Omsk Oblast Administration in the sphere of scientific activity for 2003-2005.
Development of oil and gas fields is going on intensively. Installation of gas service is being carried out in the populated areas of Omsk region.
The local agro-industrial complex experiences an increase in the volume of subsidies for agriculture. The programmes of backing of poultry breeding, flax-spinning industry and brewer’s barley growing were approved.
To intensify the restructuring processes in the housing and communal complex the local authorities approved of the following documents:
- the law of the Omsk Oblast of July 9, 2003, № 458-03 on the regional target programme "Technical reequipment in the housing and communal complex of the Omsk Oblast for 2004-2010";
- the decree of the Omsk Oblast Governor of August 23, 2004, № 179 on basic lines of development and modernization of life-support branches of the Omsk Oblast for 2001-2010.
To intensify the process of housing construction the following documents were approved:
- the law of the Omsk Oblast of December 27, 2002, № 417-03 on state backing of mortgage credit;
- the decree of the Omsk Oblast Governor June 30, 2003, № 116 on measures to develop housing construction in the Omsk Oblast for 2003-2010;
- the decree of the Omsk Oblast Governor of April 7, 2004, № 82 on measures to develop individual construction in the Omsk Oblast for 2004-2010.
- In the sphere of entertainment the following documents were issued:
- the decree of the Omsk Oblast Governor of January 8, 2003 on measures to implement state policy in the sphere of sports in the Omsk Oblast;
- the regulation of the Omsk Oblast Governor of October 30, 2003, № 508 on the plan of development of sports in the Omsk Oblast.
A number of sectoral concepts were worked out. These include the concepts of state policy of development of food, processing and light industries, restoration and development of integrated logging-lumbering complex of the Omsk Oblast, development of the education system and science, telemedicine and marketing strategy in the Omsk Oblast.